WCAG, or the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, explain how to make websites and applications accessible to people with disabilities. They set the international standard for web accessibility and are used worldwide by many. In fact, countries around the world use WCAG to measure compliance with accessibility legislation.
Organizations should aim to meet WCAG Level AA standard. And that’s what we recommend, as a minimum. But what does this really mean?
WCAG is broken down into three different levels. Level A, AA and AAA. Each one outlines elements that websites must meet to be accessible. With each level, the criteria gets harder. Meeting each extra level makes your site accessible to more and more people.
The criteria covers everything from technical information to on-page content. Both of which affect how well users can access and understand your content. Below, we identify some elements outlined at each level.
This level is the easiest to meet. It outlines the minimum requirements for a website to be considered accessible.
At this level, within the current guidelines (WCAG 2.1) there are 30 criteria that organizations must meet. An example of the criteria includes;
Meeting level A criteria will mean your website is somewhat accessible to people with disabilities. But you should aim to do better. After all, it's important that every visitor feels welcomed by you. Not only for your brand reputation, but to allow every visitor the chance to complete your customer journey. And that’s good for business.
People with disabilities are part of a market worth $1.9 trillion in annual disposable income. Helping them to browse, buy and access your online content or services isn't just the right thing to do. It's smart for business.
As the recommended level, AA tackles the most common barriers for disabled users. Meaning people with disabilities will have a much better online experience with your brand.
At this level, criteria includes all that outlined at level A plus an extra 20 elements. Examples include;
At this level, your website would be considered usable and understandable for most people, including those with disabilities.
Despite WCAG level AA being the recommended level for compliance, 97.8% of websites have WCAG Level AA failures. That means that many organizations are failing to meet accessibility standards.
Around the world, legislation uses WCAG level AA as the base for determining accessibility. And some, such as the Americans with Disabilities Act, simply state that businesses are required to make their “place of public accommodation” accessible to people with disabilities. As the international standard for accessibility, it makes sense for organizations to aim for WCAG AA compliance (at minimum).
This level is the highest level of compliance. It’s also the most difficult. It’s criteria outlines an extra 28 criteria from that outlined at level AA. Examples include;
Meeting WCAG level AAA means making your website accessible to the greatest number of people with disabilities.
By meeting WCAG level AA you’re considered as having made your website “accessible”. At this level your website is usable and understandable for most people, including those with disabilities. It’s also the requirement typically outlined in accessibility legislation.
The ReachDeck Auditor identifies WCAG compliance errors at level A, AA and AAA.
It’s a web accessibility checker that scans your URLS quickly and at scale. And provides you with downloadable reports, so you can prioritize improvements with ease. It helps save you time from manual checks. Allowing you to focus on what’s important - fixing errors and improving accessibility.
It also identifies errors that affect how understandable your content is. It highlights readability errors such as a high reading age, sentence length and jargon words. Helping you to ‘Keep content clear and concise’ as outlined by WCAG.
ReachDeck Auditor identifies these errors plus much more!