What is special education?
Many young people may experience learning difficulties at some point. This is pretty normal and for most the difficulties are situational and temporary.
We would say a student has SEN if they have a learning challenge or disability that makes it more difficult for them to learn than most children their age. There could be problems with schoolwork, communication or behaviour.
In this section:
Emotional and behavioural
Speech, language, and communication
Physical or sensory difficulties
How can you help SEN studentd in your classroom?
Teaching SEN students might present us with some unique challenges. These students demand more of our time and may require specialised instructional strategies, as well as a structured environment that supports and enhances their learning potential. It’s important to remember that SEN students aren’t incapacitated or unable to learn; they simply learn in a different way to their peers. They need differentiated instruction tailored to their individual learning abilities. Here’s some easy-to-apply classroom strategies which can offer immediate help.
Try not to structure lessons around reading
Provide oral instruction for students who struggle with reading. Present tests and reading materials in an oral format so the assessment is based on their knowledge and understanding, and not their reading ability.
Check in often
Offer frequent progress checks. Let them know how well they are progressing toward an individual or class goal.
Make feedback the norm
Give immediate feedback to learning disabled students. Closing the feedback loop quickly means students and teachers can see the relationship between what was taught and what was learned. Students, and not just those with additional needs, require good feedback and praise. Instead of saying, “You did well,” or “I like your work,” provide specific comments that link the activity directly with the recognition; for example, “I was particularly pleased by the way in which you organised the rock collection.”
Create activities to suit all abilities
Make activities short, and easy to understand. Long, complex projects are particularly frustrating for students with special educational needs.
Offer instructions multiple times
Plan to repeat instructions or offer information in both written and verbal formats. It’s vitally necessary that students with additional needs are given the opportunity to engage and understand the content of our lessons in ways that suit them.
How to track the progress of our SEN students?
Measuring student progress is important in choosing and implementing instructional strategies for SEN students. Progression is also a great way to evaluate the support being provided by learning tools and other interventions. Here’s three easy ways to track the progress of our SEN students.
Classroom observations can provide accurate and detailed information on students’ strengths and weaknesses.
They can include observations on defined behaviors, any interactions or characteristics that seem significant. For SEN students, observations are particularly important as they help us to understand how the learning environment can be adapted to suit our students' individual needs.
Recording and monitoring interventions
Observing our SEN students often leads to recommendations for interventions to be put in place.
It’s important to record and regularly monitor our interventions to ensure that they’re right for our students, and that they’re helping them to make the expected progress. Not every intervention put in place will have tangible outcomes but, it’s important that they’re recorded and tracked. Simple data points for these might be student attendance, or readiness to get involved in classroom activities, rather than a precise data point.
Redefining inclusion beyond exams
The Joint Council for Qualifications (JCQ) recommends that access arrangements for exams are part of a student's "normal way of working". But what does this mean and what does this look like in a busy classroom environment?
In this episode, we're putting these questions and more to Simon Tanner from Bohunt Education Trust. Simon shares his experience as Director of SEND in supporting students to produce their best work and have the right opportunities come exam time.
The role of technology in special education
According to Gov.uk, the number of students on EHC plans in all schools in England is around the 294,758 mark, and those receiving SEN support is 1,079,000. that's around 2% of all students with EHC plans and 11% of all students receiving SEN support.
Properly designed technology in education is helping these millions of students to work more independently alongside their peers and can be freeing from the constant need for direct teacher involvement.
Choosing the right tools for each individual student is crucial to the progression and achievement of the student. You can learn more about how to choose the right educational technology for your students in our dedicated guide.